Old Publications

CASSOA congratulates United Republic of Tanzania on revamping of ATCL

The travelling public in month of September has put on a smile following the delivery of a brand new Airbus A330-200 for the Republic of Rwanda’s Rwandair. The smile even grew broader with the delivery of two new Bombardier Dash Q400 planes for the United Republic of Tanzania.

The commissioning ceremony of Tanzania’s new Dash Q400 planes for Air Tanzania Company Limited (ATCL) at Julius Nyerere international airport by H.E. President John Pombe Magufuli

The commissioning ceremony of Tanzania’s new Dash Q400 planes for Air Tanzania Company Limited (ATCL) at Julius Nyerere international airport by H.E. President John Pombe Magufuli

The Tanzanian president who during the commissioning of the new planes cited poor management, persistent corruption within ATCL and lack of discipline among workers as some of the reasons for the airline’s downfall, recently appointed a vibrant son of the soil, Eng. Ladislaud Matindi, to head ATCL and steer it out of its woes. The Dash Q400 are modern efficient turbo prop planes that will enable ATCL propel to competitive levels in the region after which ATCL is expected to make enough savings that will make it a going concern. ATCL is now prepared to compete with Fastjet and Precision Air on both the domestic and international routes.

CASSOA congratulates the United Republic of Tanzania on the acquisition of these two state of the art turbo props and also looks forward to URT’s ambitions to secure Airbus jets for long haul operations.


September, 2016


CASSOA congratulates Rwanda on Rwandair Airbus A330 delivery

The ever growing numbers of tourists from abroad to the East African Community region, coupled with the number of East Africans travelling abroad for both private business and official missions brought along its own challenges, that of inadequate air vessel capacity and rising ticket fares.

It was to this effect that Rwandair, following the successful recertification by the country’s Regulatory Authority, moved in to fill the gap; first by acquiring two Boeing B737-700 and two Boeing B737-800 to ply the Dubai and West Africa air routes, and later by placing an order for a bigger bird – A330. Now, the bigger bird has been delivered and it is all smiles in Kigali and the EAC at large.

 The EAC region has come a long way in the development of civil aviation following the States’ independence from their colonial masters in the early 1960s. The EAC saw the amalgamation of local airlines in the region to consolidate the East African Airways, with their aircraft remaining on their State registry but the livery being that of East African Airways. East African Airways Corporation began operations on 1st January 1946. The airline was a successor from the pioneering airline Wilson Airways and took on the ICAO registration code “VP” Victor Papa. The aircraft which were registered in the individual states were identified by the first letter of the State as follows; Uganda – VP-UAA, Kenya – VP-KAA (except for Tanzania which got her independence last – VP-ZAA).

Vickers Super VC10 1154, 5X-UVA, c/n 881 in London. The Super VC-10 was introduced on 13th October 1966. Photo: Steve Williams

Vickers Super VC10 1154, 5X-UVA, c/n 881 in London. The Super VC-10 was introduced on 13th October 1966. Photo: Steve Williams

The new technical challenge which the East African airlines face now is the diversity of the fleet, personal to holder, so to say. Each Partner State’s airline seems to have its own type of fleet with Kenya Airways having Boeing 737, 777, 787 and Embraers 190 while Tanzania’s Precision Air operates Aerospatiale ATR42 and ATR72, Air Tanzania has Dash DHC 8-Q3. Now Rwandair has brought in A330. This comes into play in cases of AOG – Aircraft on Ground technical delays, where a neighbouring State’s airline cannot loan a spare from its colleague across the border, but rather has to wait for the spare to be delivered from the Americas or Europe.

The new Airbus A330 after the ceremonious water canon guard of honour by the Kigali International Airport ARFF – Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting, upon delivery in Kigali, Rwanda.

The new Airbus A330 after the ceremonious water canon guard of honour by the Kigali International Airport ARFF – Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting, upon delivery in Kigali, Rwanda.

The new Rwandair A330, similar to the ones KLM uses to ply the route Kigali-Entebbe-Amsterdam.

The new Rwandair A330, similar to the ones KLM uses to ply the route Kigali-Entebbe-Amsterdam.

Nonetheless, CASSOA whole heartedly congratulates the people of Rwanda, management and staff of Rwandair on their successful delivery of the new machine – Airbus A330.


September, 2016


ICAO ESAF Launches Project for Certification of Aerodromes in ESAF Region

One of the challenges faced in aviation today is that there are aerodromes declared as international yet they are not in the real sense. It is now encouraged to list the operating aerodromes in their actual status in the Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP). This will improve the picture of the global statistics. As long as an aerodrome does international traffic, under ICAO it is deemed an international aerodrome.

On 22nd August, 2016 at the ICAO Eastern and Southern Africa (ESAF) regional office in Gigiri, Kenya, the Regional Director launched a project for the certification of aerodromes in the region that were yet to be certified. The event was attended by participants from States of the ESAF region Zambia, Uganda, South Africa, Botswana, Seychelles, Rwanda, Namibia, Angola, Mozambique and invited guests from ICAO Western and Central Africa (WACAF) regional office, CASSOA and Airport Council International (ACI). This project is in line with the ICAO goals, strategies and activities for improving safety in the AFI region in the area of Aerodromes certification under the ICAO theme No Country Left Behind which was launched in 2014.

The theme No Country left Behind has responsibilities for global, regional and State levels with objectives by end of 2025 among which there must be:

  • No fatal accidents in regular commercial flights
  • No country with less than 40% Effective Implementation (EI) in all audit areas
  • No country with an uncertified aerodrome

In the field of Aerodromes and Ground Aids (AGA), only 6 States in the ESAF region are above 60% EI. It is for this reason that ICAO ESAF set key performance objectives for this project in 2016 as:

  • 70% of States in the region to achieve above 60% EI
  • Certification of at least 45% of all international aerodromes in the region (7 States were identified as beneficiaries – Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Uganda, and Rwanda)

The Beneficiary States are expected to:

  • Endorse the AFI Plan project for aerodrome certification
  • Nominate focal points for implementation of the project

Annex 14 under Standard 1.4 Certification of aerodromes gives the requirement for States to certify aerodromes used for international transport. An overview of the requirements for aerodrome regulators and operators is as follows:

Responsibilities of regulator

  • Regulatory framework
  • Organisation and staff
  • Guidelines and tools
  • Certification and SMS acceptance
  • Surveillance activities
  • Enforcement

Responsibilities of operator

  • Org and staff
  • Documentation including SOP
  • Aerodrome manual
  • Compliance of facilities, equip and services
  • Implement SMS
  • Runway safety programme (establish runway safety team)

The certification of aerodromes is carried out under a 5 Phase process (Pre-application; formal application; document evaluation; assessing aerodrome facilities, equipment and service; issuance of the certificate).

During the launch of the project, it was emphasised to the Beneficiary States that their Civil Aviation Act must provide for provision of aerodromes and who oversees the operations of these aerodromes. It was also noted that most of the aerodromes aren’t certified because they have not implemented the SMS – Safety Management System. Before the grant or refusal of an aerodrome certificate, the CAAs will have to involve all the stakeholders (ANSP – Air Navigation Services Providers, aerodrome operator, and handling services at aerodromes)

Assistance and benefits of AFI Plan aerodrome certification project

The Project will last for a period of 12 months and is expected to cost $ 72,886 out of the AFI Plan budget. The implementation agencies will be the RSOOs (CASSOA, SASO) and ICAO ESAF.

Project phases

The project has 7 phases as follows:

  1. the launch,
  2. a workshop for AGA inspectors on familiarisation,
  3. submission of Action Plans for certification to ICAO for review,
  4. monitoring implementation plans,
  5. preparedness review for certification,
  6. on-site visits, and
  7. wrap up mission

States are expected to contribute to the project to top up on ICAO contributions where necessary.

Presentation by Tharkudi Rishi, Director ACI


Mr. Tharkudi Rishi, a Director with ACI made a presentation on Aerodrome certification supplementary programmes (RS, CAPSCA, APEX) and Runway Safety Programmes – support teams (CANSO, IATA, etc.)

Participants were informed that APEX was designed to support airports in identifying and mitigating safety vulnerabilities. Its review is conducted over a one week period and covers:

  • Runways, taxi ways, aprons
  • Aerodrome Rescue and Fire Fighting
  • Pavement and movement areas

Closing remarks

During  closing remarks, the WACAF RD said he was overwhelmed by the enthusiasm of the Beneficiary States of the project. He underscored the point that the approach taken is a cost effective one where the States benefit. This is the 4th out of 10 projects by ICAO that was started this year. He assured the States the support of ICAO in the implementation of the project.

On his part, the ICAO ESAF RD informed the participants that ICAO is going through a revolution since the ICAO Council has over the times devolved responsibilities to the regional offices. He thanked the CEOs for sacrificing their time to come to the launch of this vital project, the first project to be launched in his region.


European Union EASA Closes SIASA Project


Front row Left – Right: Mr. Jacques Kragbe Douka (Project COSCAP-UEMOA), Mr. Robert M. Nviiri (EAC CASSOA), Ms. Suzette Nieuwoudt (SADC iSASO), Ms. Caroline Beth (EASA), Ms. Irene Gnassou Seka (Project COSCAP-UEMOA), Ms. Anabel Miralles (EASA), Mr. Jean Appolinaire Mokoumbou (ASECNA), Mr. Sadou Marafa (AAMAC), Mr. Wendell Lynch (EASA) Back row Left – Right: Mr. Frank Steffens (EASA), Mr. Matthias Borgmeire (EASA), Mr. Yves Koning (EASA), Mr. Emmanuel Guali Yoro (Cabinet du Commissaire DATC/UEMOA), Mr. Herbert D.C. Jow (BAGASOO)

The European Union supports African States to improve on their aviation safety oversight. In 2013 they launched a project called SIASA – Support to the Improvement of Aviation Safety in Africa to be implemented by EASA – European Aviation Safety Agency, that was to last for three years. The EASA SIASA project was kick started in January 2013 in Dakar during a meeting with AFCAC, ASECNA, and ICAO WACAF. A mission to collect information on areas of required assistance was undertaken up to February 2013, ending in ESAF region, and thereafter a joint RSOO meeting was held in March 2013 in Cologne.

During the SIASA project, EASA worked with various Regional Safety Oversight Organisations (RSOOs) in Africa with a budget of Euro 2.5m for the period 2013 – 2016. This budget was meant to cover expenses for technical mission trips in order to Africa to carry out training, and technical assistance to RSOOs, for example the development of SOFIA software.

The EASA set a work plan covering the following activities:

  1. Assistance to States for countries with SSC and sharing of one expert for one year for 6 countries i.e. Benin, Congo, Mozambique, Guinea Conakry, Liberia, Sierra Leone (four 1-week mission per country, selection methodology, Partners’ RSOO involvement)
  2. Development of regulations and TGMs (PANS OPS, FOPS inspectors, ANS regulations)
  3. Workshops (AIR, ATO certification, ICF)
  4. Training (OPS inspectors, AOC OPS specs for Francophone States, Human factors, ANSP oversight)
  5. Organisational activities (SOFIA, ECCAIRS, RSOO assistance)

Front row Left – Right: Ms. Caroline Beth, Mr. Jean A. Mokoumbou, Ms. Suzette Nieuwoudt, Mr. Luc Tytgat, Ms. Irene Gnassou Seka, Mr. Sadou Marafa, Mr. Jacques Kragbe Back row Left – Right: Mr. Robert Nviiri, Mr. Herbert Jow, Mr. Yves Koning

Due to the EBOLA crisis of 2014, Sierra Leone was not covered and instead Chad, Gabon, and Swaziland were selected for technical assistance. There is now a request to extend the SIASA project in order to cover Sierra Leone and follow up on Benin.

The SIASA project came to an end in 2016 and was officially closed on 1st September 2016 in Cologne, Germany, at the new EASA Headquarters. EASA invited the RSOOs who were beneficiaries of the project and these included, BAGASOO, CASSOA, COSCAP-UEMOA, AAMAC and iSASO. During the meeting which lasted 31st August – 1st September 2016, the RSOOs gave feedback on their experience with the SIASA project implementation. The meeting agreed that there is need to address the challenge of sustainable funding of the RSOOs i.e. the best funding mechanism option. The RSOOs which were present opted to go by the results of the study done by IATA for CASSOA on the proposed funding options rather than pay for individual consultancy studies on the same matter.
The meeting also proposed that flights within the RSOO States be treated like domestic flights in order to promote the regional market.

Download presentation:CASSOA Presentation to EASA SIASA Closure – Aug 2016


Uganda Hosts 2nd General Assembly of the Association of African Aviation Training Organizations

African Aviation Training Organisations resolved to form an Association which would best champion their cause. The Ethiopian government offered to host the headquarters of the AATO in the capital Addis Ababa. The ceremony for commissioning the AATO head Office in Addis Ababa was held on 21st October 2015. The first and current president of AATO is Mr. Tchagbele Sadamba.

The 2nd General Assembly of the Association of African Aviation Training Organisations (AATO) was held in Kampala, Uganda from 23rd – 25th August 2016. The Assembly which was opened by the Ugandan Minister for Works and Transport, Hon. Monica Ntege Azuba, drew participants from both regional and international training organisations.

During the assembly, presentations were made on the topics aimed at ensuring acceptable standards of Aviation Training Organisations (ATO). CASSOA made a presentation on ATOs role in creating Global aviation standards to further improve safety and security. Among the key point in the presentations were:

  • A fast growing aviation needs a centre of excellence to train personnel to support the industry
  • The infrastructure and equipment of the ATO have to meet the international requirements for training the personnel to provide technical expertise to the industry
  • ATOs have to be approved by the regulatory Authority of the State to ensure international acceptable standards for both operators and regulators as per PEL Regulations

CASSOA also informed the Assembly about the technical guidance materials it had developed which ATOs in the EAC region need to abide with, among which are:

  • Advisory Circulars
  1. CAA-AC-ANS008 Training programme for flight procedure design personnel,
  2. CAA-AC-ATM004 Training programme for ATS staff,
  3. CAA-AC-AWS015 ATO approval,
  4. CAA-AC-AWS018 Training programme approval,
  5. CAA-AC-MET003 Training programme for MET technical personnel,
  6. CAA-AC- OPS025 Air Operator Training Programme ,
  7. CAA-AC-OPS040 Certification of ATO,
  8. CAA-AC-PEL025 Issue, Re-issue, Renewal of Ground Examiner Authorisation,
  • Safety Management System Manual, and
  • Quality Management System Manual

Download presentation: CASSOA Presentation to AATO AGA – Aug 2016


Her Majesty’s British Government trains Ugandan Security Organs officials on MANPADS and drones

One of our development partners, the United Kingdom, carried out  training for Ugandan security organs’ and civil aviation authority security officers in counter MANPADS (Man Portable Air Defence Systems) from 21st – 23rd June 2016 in Entebbe.

The 3-day training, organised by the ‘Regional Aviation Security Liaison Office’ (RASLO) at the British High Commission in Nairobi, was conducted by experts from the UK Department for Transport, Metropolitan Police, and Ministry of Defence. Apart from training the security officers in counter MANPADS, the team also made an overview on the rising threat of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) or drones as they are commonly known by the general public. The training attracted officers from Uganda Peoples Defence Forces, Uganda Peoples Airforce, Uganda Anti-Terrorism Police, Intelligence Security Services and Uganda Civil Aviation Authority. CASSOA also attended the sessions on observer status, represented by the Executive Director.

The workshop aimed at providing practical information on identifying and mitigating hot spots around the airport in order to enhance aviation security at Entebbe International Airport, and also introduction of threats posed by RPAS. The Uganda CAA Director for Safety, Security and Economic Regulation; Mr. Sam Muneeza, represented the Managing Director and CEO of Uganda CAA at the closing ceremony. While closing the workshop, Mr. Muneeza reiterated Uganda CAA’s appreciation to the continued support to Uganda in the field of enhancing aviation security by Her Majesty’s government.

He congratulated the participants on the successful completion of the training and urged them to put into practice the knowledge they had acquired.

On their part, the British team praised Uganda for the water-tight security measures put in place in order to counter MANPADS attacks. The participants were awarded certificates of attendance and also introduced to the new British High Commission RASLO, Mr. Jonathan Hart, following the expiry of the term for Ms. Vicky Hutchinson. The Ugandan team expressed their appreciation for the milestones achieved in aviation security during Ms. Vicky Hutchinson’s tenure at the Nairobi RASLO and wished her success in her next endeavours.

CASSOA, Entebbe

July 2016


China strengthens technical ties with EAC

China says its decisions on foreign policy questions derive from the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence: mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence.

Ever since China formally joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in November 2001, its economy has continued growing strongly and attracting much foreign investment, at the same time the WTO entry has meant that China’s “reform and opening up” are now institutionalized. The clearest signs of institutionalized reform and opening are the changes that have been made in Chinese foreign trade policy. China’s government is now opening up most of its industries to foreign competition, and likewise its investments abroad are on the increase, the African continent not being left behind. Of course Chinese products are not new to the East African region, brands like Phoenix bicycles, Diamond padlocks, Chinese herbal medicaments, Tiger torches, and martial arts entertainment, just to mention but a few; are household names in the region for a long time.


The Chinese delegation from CAAC and AVIC, consultant from ADSE, Executive Director CASSOA and Board Technical Committee – Regulatory members at CASSOA Head Office during the mutual consultation process, 21st July 2016.

In the spirit of the above background, China now plans to go a step further and introduce another of their product brand into the region – Chinese aircraft manufactured by Xi’an Aircraft Company – AVIC. However, procedures have to be followed as far as Type Certification is concerned. The EAC region being  former colonies of the Western bloc, coupled with the fact that they are aircraft non-manufacturing States; by default subscribe to the American and British aircraft type certification process. Therefore there is need to perform a gap analysis of the FAR 25 (Western bloc) and CCAR 25 (Chinese) before the Chinese aircraft brand can be certified in the region. CASSOA engaged a consultancy firm, ADSE, from the Netherlands in order to perform an independent gap analysis between the FAR 25 and CAR 25.

The Chinese delegation visited CASSOA on 21st July 2016 to deliberate on the results of the gap analysis with the consultant and CASSOA. The EAC and the Peoples’ Republic of China engaged in a mutual consultation process which would pave way to the introduction of Chinese aircraft technology in the region. The process is expected to be completed in August 2016.



cassoaIn line with the EAC Treaty and Development Strategy, the EAC Information Resource Centre (IRC) has embarked on digitizing the EAC integration information and knowledge, which constitute the EAC Institution Memory and Heritage. In support of this initiative the Council of Ministers approved the establishment of a Regional Technical Working Group for Information Resource Centres (EAC/SCMEAP22/Decision15). With support from GIZ, the
IRC embarked on establishing a ‘One Stop Shop’ – a resource discovery platform that will provide a single access point to all the EAC information and knowledge, which is available in various data silos of EAC Organs and Institutions.

The IRC team together with the Consultants from GIZ has worked tirelessly for the last six
months to finally have the following products in place:-

a) A Web Portal (elibrary.eac.int) and Information Repository (repository.eac.int);
b) Guidelines and Manuals; and
c) An Information Repository Policy


Peter Wamanga’s Candle Burns Out

Peter Wamanga

Peter Wamanga (above) former Information and Communication Technology intern at EAC-CASSOA.

At around 7:00 a.m. on 18th May 2016, a young and formerly energetic Peter Wamanga succumbed to pneumonia. To the CASSOA family, the name Peter Wamanga is synonymous with both hard work and laughter. He was a friend to everyone both because of his knowledge in ICT as well as his humourous attitude towards all who crossed his path and vice versa. He served in CASSOA from April 2010 till January 2011. Thereafter, he worked with the Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA) until his death on 18th May 2016.

Our deepest sympathy go to the entire Wamanga family of Mbale, ASARECA family, and all his colleagues. He will always be remembered with fondness.


18th May 2016

Entebbe, Uganda


CASSOA assists Burundi in its bid to improve Bujumbura International Airport

it is standard practice to regularly carry out maintenance work on aerodrome pavement areas. With the growing civil aviation activities within the region and recovery from war times, the Burundi Civil Aviation Authority (BCAA) has embarked on an exercise to rehabilitate the aerodrome movement areas and construction of a modern air traffic control tower.

The BCAA made use of the EAC policy on sharing of technical resources as spelt out in the harmonised EAC Order CAA-O-GEN004D to seek CASSOA’s intervention in coordinating the technical support from Partner States. The purpose was to get technical advice on the best option of rehabilitating the aerodrome movement areas and erection of a new modern control tower at Bujumbura International Airport following a comprehensive evaluation.

CASSOA identified skilled experts from Uganda and Kenya and the team carried out their task from 21st – 23rd March 2016. The comprehensive Report on the technical mission was handed over to the Director General of Burundi CAA on 5th May 2016 during the 34th Board Meeting. Four key recommendations were made in the Report, namely:

  1. There is need to establish the Pavement Classification index (PCI) of the pavements at Bujumbura International Airport. There is need for a consultant(s) to be identified in order to carry out a scientific study known as a Pavement Condition survey that will generate a PCI number for the pavements.
  2. There is need for a consultant and contractor to be appointed/engaged in order to carry out design, supervision works and construction works related to rehabilitation of movement areas runway and construction of parallel taxiway and rapid exit taxiway to meet ICAO runway code 4E specifications and separation requirements. The construction works shall include markings and painting.
  3. There is need for a consultant to be appointed/engaged in order to carry out design and supervision works for the proposed new control tower and office block. The team further recommended a control tower whose height shall be at least 21 metres above ground level to be taken into consideration.
  4. The Agency should continue to support Burundi in the implementation of this project through supervision up to completion. This should be done with the technical staff of Bujumbura International Airport so as to equip them with technical skills necessary for future pavement management.